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  • Brief History
  • Our Vision
  • Our Mission
  • Our Objectives
  • Policy Initiative

Before 1982, Departments and Agencies providing infrastructure and services for the Transport Sector were placed under a number of Ministries. Notable among them were Public Works Department, Ministry of Works and Housing, Department of Social Welfare and Community Development, Ministry of Transport and Communications, Regional Organizations and Ghana Civil Aviation Authority. In January 1982 the Ministry of Transport & Communications and the Ministry of Roads & Highways were formed with oversight responsibilities for all Transport Sector Agencies.

The Ministry of Roads and Highways was in charge of road infrastructure Agencies which were the Ghana Highways Authority, the Department of Feeder Roads and later, the Department of Urban Roads. The Ministry of Roads and Highways held on to its name and functions until 1997 when the Ministry of Roads and Transport was created out of the then Ministry of Roads and Highways and Ministry of Transport and Communications. Again, in 2001 the naming of the sector was reverted to its previous names as in 1982 which were Ministry of Roads and Highways and Ministry of Transport and Communications. In 2002, the sector was renamed as Ministry of Roads and Transport.

Under this new name, it was in charge of all Transport Sector Policies and Programmes with oversight responsibility for all Transport Sector Agencies. In 2003, a separate Ministry of Ports, Harbours and Railways was created for the maritime and rail sub-sectors. During this period, the remaining Transport Sector Agencies were put under the Ministry of Transportation. In 2005 however, Aviation sub sector was taken out of Ministry of Transportation to form a third ministry called Ministry of Aviation.

In 2009 however, the Transport Sector was re-grouped and re-named as two separate Ministries namely; Ministry of Roads & Highways and Ministry of Transport, which has prevailed to date.


“To play a lead role in providing integrated, efficient, cost-effective and sustainable transportation system responsive to the needs of society, supporting growth and poverty reduction and capable of establishing and maintaining Ghana as a transportation hub of West Africa”.




“Provide leadership and an enabling environment for the development and maintenance of Ghana’s road transportation system through effective policy formulation, markets regulation, asset management and service provision”.


The policy objectives of the Road Sub sector as outlined in its Medium Term Development Plan (SMTDP) and in line with the thematic areas of the National Medium Term Development Plan (NMTDP) 2010- 2013 are as follows:

  • Create and sustain an accessible, effective and efficient transport network that meets user needs
  • Integrate land use, transport planning, development planning and service provision
  • Create a vibrant investment and performance-based management environment that maximize benefits for public and private sector investors
  • Develop and implement comprehensive and integrated Policy, Governance and Institutional Frameworks
  • Ensure Sustainable Development in the Roads Sub-sector
  • Develop a multi-disciplinary human resource base to facilitate the implementation of our programmes
Policy Initiative

The key policy initiatives adopted by the Ministry are as outlined below:

Re-introduction of Labour-Based Technology (LBT)

The Department of Feeder Roads (DFR) has since 1986 been promoting in Ghana the use of Labour Based Technology (LBT) in the rehabilitation and maintenance of feeder roads in creating employment. This policy was reintroduced in 2009. A key success factor for the project is the prompt payment of contractors for works done. As of May 2014, payments of invoices for works executed under LBT have been very timely/prompt through a special concession by the Ghana Road Fund.

Re-focus on Routine and Periodic Maintenance Activities:

This initiative was to enhance and protect the huge investment made by Government in Road Infrastructure Development.

Improving Road Maintenance Financing:

In 2009, automated toll collection was introduced by the Ministry to improve upon revenue generation into the Road Fund.  Activities  to expand the automation to cover other toll roads and establish additional toll booths have advanced.

Additionally, the government is establishing more toll collection points on the national network in order to increase revenue to adequately finance road maintenance in Ghana.  Consequently, toll collection has commenced at Offinso (Kumasi-Techiman) and Kubease (Nkawkaw-Kumasi) and Sawla (Bole-Wa).  Plans are far advanced for toll collection to commence at Moree (Mankessim – Cape Coast) and Nsutem (Suhum – Nkawkaw), among others.

Following the enactment and implementation of the Fees and Charges (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, Act 793 of 2009, revenue from Road User Fees has seen appreciable increase with the exception of the fuel levy.

It is interesting to learn that the Road and Bridge Tolls which used to generate only 2% of the total Road Fund revenue now constitute about 17% of the total revenue. In spite of the above initiative there is a wide funding gap for the effective maintenance of the country’s roads. 

The Ministry continues to engage Government and all stakeholders on the need to increase the fuel levy and explore the levying of LPG Gas used as fuel for vehicles using the roads.

Hesitating in taking these discussions will lead to more deplorable roads which will eventually require reconstruction at far higher costs in future.

Intensified Axle Load Control:

To protect the investment in road infrastructure, the Ministry, has intensified the enforcement of the Law on Axle Load Limit as provided in the Road Traffic Act 2004 (Act 683) and the ECOWAS Supplementary Act on Axle Load.

An Axle Load Control Strategy has been formulated.  The objective of the Axle Load Control Strategy is to reduce overloading of trucks to the barest minimum so as to forestall premature failure of the road.

Currently, the Ghana Highway Authority has constructed fourteen (14) Permanent Weighbridge Stations (PWS) out of a total of twenty-six (26) programmed.  All 14 PWS are under private management.

Six (6) permanent Weigh equipment and four (4) portable weigh pads for the ports of Tema and Takoradi have been procured.

Exploring Public Private Partnerships:

The Ministry is exploring Public Private Partnerships (PPP) schemes in the financing, construction and management of road infrastructure. Discussions and preparations  have commenced  to engage with  private companies for the following:

  • The Concrete Overlay of Accra-Tema Motorway and additional two lanes on both sides
  • Dualization of the Accra-Cape Coast- Takoradi Road.
  • Dualization of Accra-Kumasi Road

Cabinet has given its approval for the Build, Operate and Transfer (BOT) arrangement for the dualization of the Accra-Kumasi trunk road and procurement has gone far with Arterial Roads as the main company.

The PPP contract for the financing, design and construction of an overpass on the motorway at Teshie Link is on-going.  Preliminary designs have been completed and detailed design of the works are in progress.  When the project is completed, residents and motorists bordering the motorway will be able to cross over the motorway without going through the Tetteh Quarshie Interchange.  The project is expected to be completed in 24 months at an estimated cost of uS$15 million.  Construction will commence in 2014. 

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